Gabion, from the Italian gabbione, means “big cage” or “big basket”, but what is it exactly?
Gabion is a dry masonry construction technique: no medium or water is used to affix the rubble into the structure, which makes gabion quite ecological. Stainless-steel cages — modular and of varying sizes and shapes based on what is required for a specific project — are filled with frost-resistant stones. Neither water infiltrations nor cold temperatures can damage the structure of the stainless-steel cages that can just as well be used for façades or more decorative walls. The rubble takes a few months to settle in the structure and find a permanent spot. Gabion is also appreciated for its green side: its structure makes it ideal for ecosystems of moss and other small plants to colonize the interstices between the rocks.